Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) under Foreign Trade Policy of India (FTP 2015-20):-
What is the MEIS scheme?
Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) under Foreign Trade Policy of India (FTP 2015-20) is one of the two schemes introduced in Foreign Trade Policy of India 2015-20, as a part of Exports from India Scheme. (The other scheme is SEIS, Service Exports from India Scheme).
The Government of India has brought in the Merchandise Exports Incentive Scheme (MEIS), replacing five other similar incentive schemes present in the earlier Foreign Trade Policy 2009-14. The schemes that have been replaced by the MEIS scheme include:
- Focus Product Scheme (FPS)
- Focus Market Scheme (FMS)
- Market Linked Focus Product Scheme (MLFPS)
- Agri. Infrastructure incentive scheme
- Vishesh Krishi Gramin Upaj Yojna (VKGUY)
As per the present FTP, the MEIS scheme does not aim to merely replace these five schemes but also aims to rationalize the incentives and enlarges their scopes by removing various restrictions.
The Objective of the MEIS Scheme
To offset infrastructural inefficiencies and the associated costs of exporting products produced in India giving special emphasis on those which are of India’s export interest and have the capability to generate employment and enhance India’s competitiveness in the world market.
About the Scheme
With the aim in making India’s products more competitive in the global markets, the scheme provides incentive in the form of duty credit scrip to the exporter to compensate for his loss on payment of duties. The incentive is paid as percentage of the realized FOB value (in free foreign exchange) for notified goods going to notified markets. To determine the quantity of incentive, the countries have been segregated into three groups. Incentives on export of each product at 8-digit level (ITC HS codes), depend on the group in which its destination country belong.
There are essentially three country groups. Group A has India’s traditional destinations such as the EU countries and USA. Group B has the maximum number of countries and covers almost all of India’s major export destinations globally. It is worth mentioning here that Group B has the highest quantum of incentive. Group C on the other hand has no incentive at all. It can be divided into, SAARC, Australia and New Zealand, some EU and African countries.
Revision of MEIS scheme
The first schedule of the MEIS consisting of the definition of the country groups and the incentives on the 8-digit product lines was published along with the Foreign Trade Policy 2015-20 in April, 2015. However, after repeated representations from various industry associations and export promotion councils including us on the inadequacy of the incentives, the DGFT came out with a new schedule vide Public Notice No. 06 /2015-2020 published on 4th May, 2016. While the country groups have remained same in the new schedule, there has been a re-orientation of the incentive rates and in general the incentive basket has broadened. We have studied both the earlier schedule and the new one. The key changes include
- Additions of some product lines (at 8 digits) to the list of beneficiaries under MEIS. For instance, products coming in the category of the medical and scientific instruments have been included in the MEIS schedule and incentives have been given for all three groups.
- Amendment in the incentive rates for some product lines already included in the schedule. Here the most important change has been the grant of incentives to Group A countries for some product lines. This has obviously contributed towards expansion of the incentive market and has addressed one of our concerns
Conclusions with Brief Note on MEIS:-
To offset infrastructural inefficiencies and associated costs involved in export of goods/products, which are produced/manufactured in India, especially those having high export intensity, employment potential and thereby enhancing India’s export competitiveness.
Entitlement under MEIS
Exports of notified goods/products with ITC[HS] code, to notified markets as listed, shall be rewarded under MEIS ( @ 2 % or 3%,4%, 5% or 7% as applicable). (Appendix 3B- listed goods market and rates).
Basis of Calculation of Rewards
The basis of calculation of reward would be on realized FOB value of exports in free foreign exchange, or on FOB value of exports as given in the Shipping Bills in free foreign exchange, whichever is less, unless otherwise specified.
Incentive or rewards given under this scheme may vary from product to product and from Country to Country. The Country/Market for which incentive are allowed are divided into three category.
|Category A||Category B||Category C|
|Traditional Markets (34)
|Emerging & Focus Markets(140)
•Latin America & Mexico
•Turkey ,western Asian countries
•Japan, South Korea,China, Taiwan
|Other Markets (65)|